Size and structure of Polish population by age and gender groups, 30 April 2004
Source : General Statistical Office, 2004, http://www.stat.gov.pl
A/ Internet users
33% of people in Poland have Internet access
• 37% of Polish men
• 30% of Polish women
70% of Polish Internet users use the Internet from home
24% of Polish Internet users use the Internet from work
24% of Polish Internet users use the Internet from school
Source : TNS OBOP, 2005
Source : Report "ePoland", Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology, 2003, http:// www.mnii.gov.pl
B/ Household equipment
36% of Polish households have computers
42% of Polish civic households have computers
25% of Polish rural households have computers
26% of Polish households have Internet access
31% of Polish civic households have Internet access
15% of Polish rural households have Internet access
Source : The use of ICT in companies and households - Poland 2004 Central Statistical Office 2004
According to the fourth Report on monitoring of the EU candidate countries, published on December 16, 2003, prepared by IBM at the request of the European Commission, the penetration rate of the Internet in Poland reached 23%. It is estimated that approximately 40% of all Internet users connect with the net through modems. According to data contained in the third Report on monitoring of the EU candidate countries with respect to the telecommunications sector, prepared by IBM, only 12% of households have access to the Internet, and in the majority of these accesses is provided through modems. The European average of households with Internet access is 45%.
The development of this service is hindered by the low level of household income and the number of computers; according to ITU data, the rate in Poland for 2003 was eight computers per 100 inhabitants. On average, every fourth household has a computer. The high prices of these services are an obstacle to their development.
It is currently estimated that broadband Internet access (Broadband access in Poland, according to official URTiP documents means 128 kb/s or more connection speed) is used, through all available platforms (including users of fast internet access) by 461,000 users (i.e. approximately 1.2% of Poland's population have broadband access to the Internet), out of which a third is made up of cable television subscribers: Aster City Cable Sp. z o.o. with approximately 40,000 subscribers of broadband Internet access, UPC with approximately 30,000 Chello subscribers, and Multimedia Polska showing a very high growth dynamics with approximately 35,000 customers. Broadband Internet access is also offered by the telecommunications operators. The largest Internet provider is TP S.A. which, at the end of 2002, had 13,000 subscribers of its Neostrada Plus service, and in 2003, the number of agreements signed with the DSL users amounted to 134,000 and with 44,000 customers testing the service. TP S.A.'s 2003 revenue from sales of fast internet access amounted to PLN 289m, i.e. 72% more than in 2002. In the fourth quarter of 2003, these services provided in DSL technology represented 11% of the company's revenue from data transmission. Telefonia Dialog is another fixed operator enabling its customers to use DSL technology, with the service introduced in November 2003. Netia and Pilicka Telefonia are also planning to launch DSL Internet connections.
Dial-up and Broadband Internet connections in Poland
Source : URTiP Annual Report 2004, http://www.urtip.gov.pl
Broadband connection 2004 in Polish households
Source : General Statistical Office, 2004, http://www.stat.gov.pl
Before Poland's accession to the EU, thanks to the Interkl@sa Programme (The Interkl@sa Programme was initiated in 1998 by Ms Grazyna Staniszewska, then the President of the Parliamentary Commission for Education, Science and Youth, who is now a Member of the European Parliament. She continues to be the coordinator of the programme and the Chairwoman of the Interkl@sa Task Force, which is composed of 26 representatives of the teachers' community, educational NGOs, the Ministry of Education, Local Authorities from all over Poland and representatives of the private sector. The Task Force and the Programme Coordinator are supported by a permanent Secretariat which co-ordinates the implementation of all the Interkl@sa programmes. Secretarial duties of the Interkl@sa programme have been assigned to the Foundation for Economic Education (Fundacja Edukacji Ekonomicznej). It provides organisational and technical services), between January 1998 and December 2002 nearly 6.000 ICT workrooms were established at schools under the programme of the Ministry of National Education, equipped with a total of 75.000 computers. Since September 2000 ICT workrooms have appeared in almost all lower secondary schools in Poland. 50% of secondary schools were equipped by the end of 2001. Other programmes helping to equip Polish schools are supported by the Ministry of National Education and Sport : Internet lab in every Gym and Internet lab in every school.
Computers in Polish schools - progress during the years 1990 - 2002
Source : Ministry of National Education and Sport, 2003, http://www.menis.gov.pl
The quickly growing importance of new technologies in today's world clearly shows that we are heading towards a knowledge-based economy and an information society. It will be based on equal, easy and high speed access to information and knowledge independently from the place of living, material status or the level of physical ability. This is an important task for the Member States of the European Union. The latest enlargement of the EU brought more progress into the development of the information society in Poland (eg. Structural Funds are used among others to help equip Polish schools with computers).
Computers vs students
21 - number of Polish students per one computer
26 - number of Polish students per one computer with Internet access
61,93% of Polish schools have computer equipment
Number of students per one computer with Internet access in 2002 was 79.
Source : Ministry of National Education and Sport, 2005, http://www.menis.gov.pl
Interklasa portal users
City over 500 000 inhabitants - 18,5%
City 101 000 - 500 000 inhabitants - 23,8%
City to 100 000 inhabitants - 38,8%
Village - 18,9%
The portal's mission is to equalize educational opportunities for children and young people in rural areas and small towns. The results of the survey as well as the growing number of viewers show that the portal indeed serves the community well .
In 2004 Gemius also carried out another survey in cooperation with Interklasa: 'Education on the Internet'. This was an Internet survey with 4364 questionnaires collected from pupils (up to 20 years old). The response rate was 2,2%. The results showed that 92 % of respondents use the Internet for educational purpose. 99.1% of the respondents stated that there was a computer lab in their schools, but mostly they use it together with class during lessons. Only 35,7% said that they have used a computer at school individually. The computers are used most frequently during ICT lessons - 95,5%. This means that the computer labs at schools are closed after lessons, that students cannot use schools' computers after class and that the computer equipment at school is used only for technical lessons and rarely for other subjects.
The total number of mobile subscribers (according to data from GUS) as of the end of 2003 amounted to 17,4 million, i.e. 25,2 % more than in 2002, including approximately 49% of pre-paid services subscribers.
The increase in mobile customers in 2003 amounted to 3,5 million subscribers, i.e. 10% less than a year before.
The market is currently headed by Polska Telefonia Cyfrowa Sp. z o.o., which at the end of 2003 recorded an increase in customer base to 6.2 million subscribers.
Source : URTiP Annual Report, 2003, http://www.urtip.gov.pl
In 2004, the total number of mobile subscribers amounted 23,1 million.
Source : URTiP Annual Report, 2004, http://www.urtip.gov.pl
Penetration of the mobile services market stood at 45,5% at the end of 2003 (i.e. out of 100 inhabitants approximately 45 used mobile phones).
The market for UMTS-G3 is not yet developed in Poland. Public procurements regarding these services are currently underway in Poland.
Penetration of fixed and mobile telephony in selected European countries
in percentages of population, 2002
Source : Report 'ePoland', Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology, 2003, http://www.mnii.gov.pl
Source : ITU, EMC